Although Canada is the second largest country in the world, behind only to Russia, it is sparsely populated. Known for its dramatic and vast landscapes, most of its territory on land is covered by forest and tundra as well as the rugged Rocky Mountains. This North American country is also renowned for housing a blend of cultures and ethnicities along with a rich heritage and history.
Kick-start the trip by first heading over to Ontario's cosmopolitan capital, Toronto. Some of the notable highlights that are 'must-see' are: the stunning 55m high CN Tower that glitters in the sky, Toronto Entertainment District - packed with shows, musicals, concerts and other performing arts; Rogers Center - venue for any type of sport, especially baseball and football; Toronto Zoo - more than 5,000 animals to see and Ripley's Aquarium of Canada - contains over 16,000 exotic sea and freshwater creatures.
When we're talking about Ontario, then how can Niagara Falls city be far behind? Be sure to visit the metropolis to catch a glimpse of the monumental and colossal white-smoky water gushing deep down. Some of the activities and attractions in this city are: Maid of the Mist: a boat takes visitors to the foot of the Falls; Journey behind the Falls - an alternative to Maid of the Mist; Whirlpool Aero Car where one look directly into the massive whirlpool; Marineland Theme Park - dolphin, sea lion and walrus shows and Niagara Skywheel - stunning views of the Falls and the glittering skyline.
One must visit Canada's dynamic capital - Ottawa while vactioning in Canada and dig into the their speciality - the mouth-watering and scrumptious Beaver Tails pastry - topped with cinnamon, sugar, icing sugar and so forth. Even though it is over-shadowed by other big cities in the country, there are several attractions to prove it is every bit a compelling destination to visit. Some of them are: taking a boat cruise on the Rideau Canal; a family picnic at the picturesque Dows Lake Pavilion or visiting the neo-Gothic Parliament of Canada.
Be sure to check out the glamorous city of Vancouver? The glittering skyscrapers piercing through the sky and its innumerable micro-breweries and brewpubs instantly catch your attention. This city housed in British Columbia has many sight-seeing points that are worth visiting such as Gastown District, Vancouver Aquarium, Flyover Canada - simulates a flight over Canada, Granville Island, Beaty Bio-diversity museum - housing an array of biological collections and so forth.
Head over to the Quebec province and visit Quebec city & Montreal. Quebec City is the jewel of French Canada and is packed with narrow and winding cobblestone streets, 17th-and-18th-century homes and looming church spires. Be sure to visit the Citadel, Chateau Frontenac - historic hotel - designated the National Historic Site of Canada in 1980, Old Quebec - historic neighbourhood of the city, Quebec aquarium - spanning around 16 hectares and home to around 10000 marine animals. When it comes to Montreal, there are many sight-seeing points and one of them is strolling around the Olympic Park for it was the venue for the 1976 Olympic Games.
Be sure to head over to the Banff National Park, perched in the centre of the magnificent Rocky Mountains in the province of Alberta. Sit by the turquoise green lakes, gaze at the majestic snow-capped peaks and catch a glimpse of the stunning glaciers. During the colder months, winter sports occur at Lake Louise Ski Resort and Sunshine Village, two of Canada's most attractive and famous ski destinations. Another incredible ski resort is the village of Whistler, two-hour drive from Vancouver. It acquired global attention in 2010 when it become one of the destinations for the 2010 Winter Olympic Games. Interested in wild-life, specifically polar bears? Then drop by at the Hudson Bay, near the town of Churchill in Northern Manitoba. There are several tours during Fall which takes visitors in tundra buggies with caged windows to have close encounters with the polar bears. The main viewing time happens in October or November when the bears wait for the water to freeze prior to heading out into the ice.
When it comes to shopping, be sure to buy large vats of the delicious Maple Syrup. Be on the look-out for other items such as an extensive range of fine Canadian crafts available like art woodcarvings, leather goods, pottery, jewellery and native artworks. Don't forget to wander about the country's largest shopping complex - the West Edmonton Mall in Alberta. It is home to over 800 shops, a water park, ice rink, amusement park, aquarium, cinemas, restaurants, clubs amongst others which gives your opportunity to splurge your cash.
As for cuisine, you must try the mouth-watering and appetizing Poutine - fries smothered in cheese curds and gravy; Maple Syrup - liberally doused on pancakes or French toast or the tasty and delicious pastry - Beaver Tail - topped with cinnamon, sugar, icing sugar and so on, Nanaimo bar - super sweet chocolatey biscuit layered with vanilla or custard butter-cream and coated with chocolate. Canada is huge on beers. So beer enthusiasts can look forward to chugging down a big glass in any of the micro-breweries or brewpubs housed.
The stay options in Canada are abundant with the best luxury hotels, private apartments or cheap accommodations available for the tourists to decide which kind to opt for depending on their budget and taste.
The best time to visit Canada would be Spring, Summer and Autumn - comprising the months from April to October as the temperatures are relatively comfortable during this period.